Science and technology

Build a Quarkus reactive utility utilizing Kubernetes Secrets

Many organizations have safety insurance policies in place that dictate how you can retailer delicate info. When you are creating purposes for the cloud, you are in all probability anticipated to observe these insurance policies, and to try this you typically must externalize your information storage. Kubernetes has a built-in system to entry exterior secrets and techniques, and studying to make use of that’s key to a secure cloud-native app.

In this text, I’m going to reveal how you can construct a Quarkus reactive utility with externalized delicate info—as an illustration, a password or token—utilizing Kubernetes Secrets. A secret is an efficient instance of how cloud platforms can safe purposes by eradicating delicate information out of your static code. Note that you’ll find an answer to this tutorial in this GitHub repository.

[ Read next: How to explain Kubernetes Secrets ]

1. Scaffold a brand new reactive Quarkus challenge

Use the Quarkus command-line interface (CLI) to scaffold a brand new challenge. If you have not already put in the Quarkus CLI, observe these instructions in response to your working system.

Run the next Quarkus CLI in your challenge listing so as to add kubernetes-config, resteasy-reactive, and openshift extensions:

$ quarkus create app quarkus-secret-example
-x resteasy-reactive,kubernetes-config,openshift

The output ought to appear like this:

Looking for the newly revealed extensions in registry.quarkus.io
chosen extensions:
- io.quarkus:quarkus-kubernetes-config
- io.quarkus:quarkus-resteasy-reactive
- io.quarkus:quarkus-openshift

making use of codestarts...
📚  java
🔨  maven
📦  quarkus
📝  config-properties
🔧  dockerfiles
🔧  maven-wrapper
🚀  resteasy-reactive-codestart

-----------

[SUCCESS] ✅  quarkus challenge has been efficiently generated in:
--> /tmp/quarkus-secret-example
-----------
Navigate into this listing and get began: quarkus dev

2. Create a Secret in Kubernetes

To handle the Kubernetes Secrets, you have got three choices:

  • Using kubectl
  • Using Configuration File
  • Node Kustomize

Use the kubectl command to create a brand new database credential (a username and password). Run the next command:

$ kubectl create secret generic db-credentials                                                                      
 --from-literal=username=admin
 --from-literal=password=secret

If you have not already put in a Kubernetes cluster domestically, or you haven’t any distant cluster, you may check in to the developer sandbox, a no-cost sandbox surroundings for Red Hat OpenShift and CodeReady Workspaces.

You can affirm that the Secret is created correctly by utilizing the next command:

$ kubectl get secret/db-credentials -o yaml

The output ought to appear like this:

apiVersion: v1
information:
  password: c2VjcmV0
  username: YWRtaW4=
sort: Secret
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: "2022-05-02T13:46:18Z"
  identify: db-credentials
  namespace: doh-dev
  resourceVersion: "1190920736"
  uid: 936abd44-1097-4c1f-a9d8-8008a01c0add
kind: Opaque

The username and password are encoded by default.

3. Create a brand new RESTful API to entry the Secret

Now you may add a brand new RESTful (for Representational State Transfer) API to print out the username and password saved within the Kubernetes Secret. Quarkus allows builders to discuss with the key as a standard configuration utilizing a @ConfigureProperty annotation.

Open a GreetingResource.java file in src/most important/java/org/acme. Then, add the next technique and configurations:

@ConfigProperty(identify = "username")
    String username;

    @ConfigProperty(identify = "password")
    String password;

    @GET
    @Produces(MediaType.TEXT_PLAIN)
    @Path("/securty")
    public Map securty() {
        HashMap<String, String> map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("db.username", username);
        map.put("db.password", password);
        return map;
    }

Save the file.

4. Set the configurations for Kubernetes deployment

Open the utility.properties file within the src/most important/assets listing. Add the next configuration for the Kubernetes deployment. In the tutorial, I’ll reveal utilizing the developer sandbox, so the configurations tie to the OpenShift cluster.

If you wish to deploy it to the Kubernetes cluster, you may bundle the appliance by way of Docker container straight. Then, you could push the container picture to an exterior container registry (for instance, Docker Hub, quay.io, or Google container registry).

# Kubernetes Deployment
quarkus.kubernetes.deploy=true
quarkus.kubernetes.deployment-target=openshift
openshift.expose=true
quarkus.openshift.build-strategy=docker
quarkus.kubernetes-client.trust-certs=true

# Kubernetes Secret
quarkus.kubernetes-config.secrets and techniques.enabled=true
quarkus.kubernetes-config.secrets and techniques=db-credentials

Save the file.

5. Build and deploy the appliance to Kubernetes

To construct and deploy the reactive utility, you can even use the next Quarkus CLI:

$ quarkus construct

This command triggers the appliance construct to generate a fast-jar file. Then the appliance Jar file is containerized utilizing a Dockerfile, which was already generated within the src/most important/docker listing once you created the challenge. Finally, the appliance picture is pushed into the built-in container registry contained in the OpenShift cluster.

The output ought to finish with a BUILD SUCCESS message.

When you deploy the appliance to the developer sandbox or regular OpenShift cluster, you’ll find the appliance within the Topology view within the Developer perspective, as proven within the determine under.

(Daniel Oh, CC BY-SA 4.0)

6. Verify the delicate info

To confirm that your Quarkus utility can discuss with the delicate info from the Kubernetes Secret, get the route URL utilizing the next kubectl command:

$ kubectl get route

The output is much like this:

NAME                     HOST/PORT                                                               PATH   SERVICES                 PORT   TERMINATION   WILDCARD
quarkus-secret-example   quarkus-secret-example-doh-dev.apps.sandbox.x8i5.p1.openshiftapps.com          quarkus-secret-example   8080                 None

Use the curl command to entry the RESTful API:

$ curl http://YOUR_ROUTE_URL/good day/safety

The output:

{db.password=secret, db.username=admin}

Awesome! The above username and password are the identical as these you saved within the db-credentials secret.

Where to study extra

This information has proven how Quarkus allows builders to externalize delicate info utilizing Kubernetes Secrets. Find extra assets to develop cloud-native microservices utilizing Quarkus on Kubernetes right here:

You may watch this step-by-step tutorial video on how you can handle Kubernetes Secrets with Quarkus.

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