Knowing how a lot of your disk is being utilized by your recordsdata is a vital consideration, irrespective of how a lot storage you may have. My laptop computer has a comparatively small 250GB NVME drive. That’s okay more often than not, however I started to discover gaming on Linux a few years in the past. Installing Steam and some video games could make storage administration extra crucial.
The du command
The best technique to look at what’s left for storage in your disk drive is the
du command. This command line utility estimates file area utilization. Like all Linux instruments,
du may be very highly effective, however realizing easy methods to use it in your explicit wants is useful. I at all times seek the advice of the person web page for any utility. This particular software has a number of switches to provide the absolute best snapshot of file storage and the way a lot area they devour in your system.
There are many choices for the
du command. Here are a few of the frequent ones:
-a– write counts for all recordsdata and never simply directories
--apparent-size– prints obvious sizes somewhat than disk utilization
-h– human-readable format
-k– block dimension
-m– dimension in megabytes
Be positive to test the
du man web page for an entire itemizing.
Display all recordsdata
The first possibility you could possibly select is
du -a. It offers a readout of all recordsdata in your system and the directories they’re saved in. This command lets me know I’ve acquired 11555168 bytes saved in my dwelling listing. Using
du -a offers a fast recursive take a look at my storage system. What if I need a extra significant quantity, and I wish to drill down into the directories to see the place the large recordsdata are on my system?
I believe there are some huge recordsdata in my
Downloads listing, so I enter
du -a /dwelling/don/Downloads to get a very good take a look at that
$ du -a ~/Downloads
4923 ./UNIX_Driver_5-0/UNIX Driver 50
2256 ./PZO9297 000 Cover.pdf
The numbers on the far left are the file sizes in bytes. I need one thing extra useful to me so I add the swap for the human-readable format to my
du -h /dwelling/don/Downloads command. The result’s 4.8 G(igabytes) which is a extra helpful quantity format for me.
$ du -ah ~/Downloads
4.9M ./UNIX_Driver_5-0/UNIX Driver 50
2.2M ./PZO9297 000 Cover.pdf
As with most Linux instructions, you may mix choices. To take a look at your
Downloads listing in a human-readable format, use the
du -ah ~/Downloads command.
[ Read also: 5 Linux commands to check free disk space ]
-c possibility offers a grand whole for disk utilization on the final line. I can use
du -ch /dwelling/don to show each file and listing in my dwelling listing. There is a number of info, and I actually simply need what’s on the finish, so I’ll pipe the disk utilization command to
tail. The command is
du -ch /dwelling/don | tail.
The ncdu command
Another possibility for Linux customers enthusiastic about what’s saved on their drive is the
ncdu command. The command stands for NCurses Disk Usage. Depending in your Linux distribution, you might have to obtain and set up it.
On Linux Mint, Elementary, Pop_OS!, and different Debian-based distributions:
$ sudo apt set up ncdu
On Fedora, Mageia, and CentOS:
$ sudo dnf set up ncdu
On Arch, Manjaro, and related:
$ sudo pacman -S ncdu
Once put in, you should utilize
ncdu to research your filesystem. Here is a pattern output after issuing
ncdu inside my dwelling listing. The man web page for
ncdu states that “ncdu (NCurses Disk Usage) is a curses-based version of the well-known
du, and provides a fast way to see what directories are using your disk space.”
I can use the arrow keys to navigate up and down and press the Enter key to enter a listing. An fascinating word is that
du reported whole disk utilization in my dwelling listing as 12GB, and
ncdu reviews that I’ve whole disk utilization of 11GB. You can discover extra info within the
ncdu man web page.
You can discover a selected listing by pointing
ncdu to that listing. For instance,
Press the ? key to show the Help menu
ncdu instructions present two completely different views of the identical info, making it straightforward to maintain observe of what is saved in your laptop.
If you are not comfy within the terminal or simply in search of yet one more view of this sort of info, take a look at the GNOME Disk Usage Analyzer. You can simply set up and use it if it isn’t already in your system. Check your distribution for
baobab and set up it if you would like to experiment.