Group Health Cooperative in Seattle, one of many nation’s oldest and most revered nonprofit medical insurance plans, is accused of bilking Medicare out of thousands and thousands of in a federal whistleblower case.
Teresa Ross, a former medical billing supervisor on the insurer, alleges that it sought to reverse monetary losses in 2010 by claiming some sufferers have been sicker than they have been, or by billing for medical situations that sufferers didn’t even have. As a end result, the insurer retroactively collected an estimated $eight million from Medicare for 2010 providers, in keeping with the swimsuit.
Ross filed swimsuit in federal court docket in Buffalo, N.Y., in 2012, however it remained beneath a court docket seal till July and is within the preliminary phases. The swimsuit additionally names as defendants two medical coding consultants, consulting agency DxID of East Rochester, N.Y., and Independent Health Association, an affiliated well being plan in Buffalo, N.Y. All denied wrongdoing in separate court docket motions filed late Wednesday to dismiss the swimsuit.
The Justice Department has up to now declined to take over the case, however mentioned in a June 21 court docket submitting that “an active investigation is ongoing.”
The whistleblower suit is certainly one of at the least 18 such instances documented by KHN that accuse Medicare Advantage managed-care plans of ripping off the federal government by exaggerating how sick its sufferers have been. The whistleblower instances have emerged as a major device for clawing again overpayments. While lots of the instances are pending in courts, 5 have recovered a complete of practically $360 million.
“The fraudulent practices described in this complaint are a product of the belief, common among MA organizations, that the law can be violated without meaningful consequence,” Ross alleges.
Medicare Advantage plans are a privately run different to conventional Medicare that always supply additional advantages reminiscent of dental and imaginative and prescient protection, however restrict selection of medical suppliers. They have exploded in reputation lately, enrolling greater than 22 million folks, simply over 1 in three of these eligible for Medicare.
Word of one other whistleblower alleging Medicare Advantage billing fraud comes because the White House is pushing to develop enrollment within the plans. On Oct. three, President Donald Trump issued an executive order that allows the plans to supply a variety of recent advantages to draw sufferers. One, as an example, is partly covering the price of Apple Watches as an inducement.
Group Health opened for enterprise greater than seven a long time in the past and was among the many first managed-care plans to contract with Medicare. Formed by a coalition of unions, farmers and native activists, the HMO grew from just some hundred households to greater than 600,000 sufferers earlier than its members agreed to affix California-based Kaiser Permanente. That occurred in early 2017, and the plan is now referred to as Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of Washington. (Kaiser Health News is just not affiliated with Kaiser Permanente.)
In an emailed assertion, a Kaiser Permanente spokesperson mentioned: “We believe that Group Health complied with the law by submitting its data in good faith, relying on the recommendations of the vendor as well as communications with the federal government, which has not intervened in the case at this time.”
Ross nods to the plan’s historical past, saying it has “traditionally catered to the public interest, often highlighting its efforts to support low-income patients and provide affordable, quality care.”
The insurer’s Medicare Advantage plans “have also traditionally been well regarded, receiving accolades from industry groups and Medicare itself,” in keeping with the swimsuit.
But Ross, who labored at Group Health for greater than 14 years in jobs involving billing and coding, mentioned that from 2008 by 2010 GHC “went from an operating income of almost $57 million to an operating loss of $60 million. Ross said the losses were “due largely to poor business decisions by company management.”
The lawsuit alleges that the insurer manipulated a Medicare billing system generally known as a threat rating. The system is meant to pay well being plans larger charges for sicker sufferers, however Medicare estimates that overpayments triggered by inflated threat scores have price taxpayers $30 billion over the previous three years alone.
According to Ross, a GHC govt attended a gathering of the Alliance of Community Health Plans in 2011 the place he heard from a colleague at Independent Health about an “exciting opportunity” to extend threat scores and income. The colleague mentioned Independent Health “had made a lot of money” utilizing its consulting firm, which makes a speciality of combing affected person charts to seek out ignored illnesses that well being plans can invoice for retroactively.
In November 2011, Group Health employed the East Rochester agency DxID to evaluation medical charts for 2010. The evaluation resulted in $12 million in new claims, in keeping with the swimsuit. Under the deal, DxID took a share of the claims income it generated, which got here to about $1.5 million that yr, the swimsuit says.
Ross mentioned she and a physician who later reviewed the charts discovered “systematic” issues with the agency’s coding practices. In one case, the plan billed for “major depression” in a affected person described by his physician as having an “amazingly sunny disposition.” Overall, about three-quarters of its claims for larger expenses in 2010 weren’t justified, in keeping with the swimsuit. Ross estimated that the consultants submitted some $35 million in new claims to Medicare on behalf of GHC for 2010 and 2011.
In its movement to dismiss Ross’ case, GHC referred to as the matter a “difference of opinion between her allegedly ‘conservative’ method for evaluating the underlying documentation for certain medical conditions and her perception of an ‘aggressive’ approach taken by Defendants.”
Independent Health and the DxID consultants took an analogous place of their court docket movement, arguing that Ross “seeks to manufacture a fraud case out of an honest disagreement about the meaning and applicability of unclear, complex, and often conflicting industry-wide coding criteria.”
In an announcement, Independent Health spokesman Frank Sava added: “We consider the coding insurance policies being challenged right here have been lawful and correct and all events have been paid appropriately.
Whistleblowers sue on behalf of the federal authorities and may share in any cash recovered. Typically, the instances stay beneath a court docket seal for years whereas the Justice Department investigates.